Recycling rain water for irrigation can help you save on your electricity bills. It is an eco-friendly way to keep your garden healthy and produce vegetables that are free from harmful chemicals. If you are still caught in the practice of waiting for the seasonal rainfall, bothering about the municipal water supply hassles, and the mounting electricity bills, it is time you give your garden a face lift. Another way to go green would be to conserve the amount of water you use by installing a flow meter that will measure the amount of water moving through your irrigation system.
Follow these simple instructions of setting up a rain water harvesting and irrigation system:
Know your Plants
Before you set up a water barrel for rain water irrigation system, it is useful to know your plants and their water requirements. The water irrigation system you employ will vary according to the water requirements of your kitchen garden and flowers.
Find out which plants in your garden are drought-resistant and may not require large amount of water. Also check the roots of your plants as the deeper the roots run, the more amount of water the plant requires. A deep rooted plant requires deep irrigation at a much lesser interval as compared to plants with shallow root depth.
The requirements of sun, shade, temperature, humidity also varies from plant to plant; thus, it is important to learn about these requirements to ensure your plants get complete nourishment for a healthy growth.
Know Your Soil
Study your soil type to completely understand its requirements. The drip irrigation system you employ will depend tremendously on the type of soil you want to nourish and irrigate.
For instance, if your soil is sandy it will require more water and at greater intervals as compared to a clayey soil which can hold water for long. A heavy clay soil absorbs water slowly and thus the irrigation system employed on such a soil must have a very low volume of water emission.
To know your soil, make a furrow and water your plant. If the water seeps in fast and the soil seems parched after some time, then your soil is sandy, on the other hand, if the water clogs and takes long to seep in then you have a clay soil in your garden. There are many other types of soils and it is important that you explore them till the time you are certain of your soil type.
Observe Rainfall In Your Garden Area
The landscape of your garden will be uneven; the rain water that falls directly on the soil will either clog at some places or will run from the slopes. By carefully planting your plants as per their water requirements, you can make you garden landscape work to your advantage.
However, if you already have full grown plants in your garden, then it is advisable to make the required landscape changes by employing methods like creating furrows, channels and drains to direct the water flow.
A good understanding of your garden landscape will help you set up a watering system that can be best customized to the requirements of your plants.
Look For Water Catchment Area Around Your House
The catchment area is the area where rain water is collected by default. Most of the times it is the roof of the building and you will often see water draining from the roof drain pipes. It’s best to have a catchment area that is tiled or is made of concrete. A well floored catchment area ensures you get gravel-free rain water for your garden irrigation. Once you find out the catchment area in your house, set up a water barrel at its water outlet.
Plan A Water Distribution System
Once you have set up a rain barrel to collect the rain water you have harvested, it is time to set up a distribution system to transfer the collected rain water to the garden area. The design of the distribution of water to the designated areas has to be thoroughly planned keeping into account the availability of different irrigation systems available in the market.
Choose from a wide range of irrigation systems that make garden irrigation easy and effective. Manage your harvested water with systems like Soaker drip line. Gravity fed water system, drip master, water pump and an adaptable timer which makes your watering system automatic and hassle free.